Introduction to Philosophy of Science [PL]

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The course includes a basic review of the most important issues in the philosophy of inanimate nature. The classes are designed to show how the achievements of natural sciences influence the understanding of the laws of nature and the shaping of the image of the physical world.

The issues raised during lectures will include: the rationality of the world, mathematicity of the world, the fundamental role of symmetry in modern science (the problem of unification of fundamental interactions, Noether theorem), the distinction between the classical and quantum image of the world, evolution of the notions of time, space, mass, strength, causality, determinism, evolution of the ontology of the world postulated by physical theories, the problem of scientific realism, the inadequacy of classical language to the description of the microworld, etc.